Maghera Past and present – A view of Maghera in 1913

Lower Main Street, Maghera circa 1903 400x254

Maghera Past and present – A view of Maghera in 1913The Larne Times & Weekly Telegraph covered the town of Maghera in an interesting and wonderfully detailed article featured in their 8th November 1913 edition. This was part of their ‘In Ulster towns and villages’ series of articles and gives a wonderfully informative  zeitgeist of Maghera on the eve of World War I:

          IN ULSTER TOWNS AND VILLAGES

WITH CAMERA AND NOTEBOOK.

MAGHERA PAST AND PRESENT

 Co. DERRY’S OLDEST TOWN.

Progressing to Maghera in continuation of our series of articles on Ulster towns and village the ancient town of St. Lurach is the next natural stopping place after Castledawson and Magherafelt, the outlines of whose history we reviewed last week. If instead of the sequence of geographical situations we had consulted the interests of cultural precedence, Maghera should be given premier place in Derry by way of its rank and standing as the oldest town in the county.

The authority of Lewis, without whose topographical records the country would be much [poorer?] it is not necessary to establish the fact that Maghera is a place of great antiquity. The town to this day bears silent but indisputable testimony, not merely to its existence, but also its great importance, in early epochs of Ireland’s history, when many centres have grown up in the intervening centuries had not taken form from out the forest that covered wide tracts of what is now [ ] pasture land. The Plantation [period marks] the beginning of quite a large [  ] in the northern towns of Ireland. Not such Maghera. Three hundred years have passed into history since first settlers under King James’s scheme of colonisation [mov]ed to the regions watered by the Lower Bann. Twice or thrice three hundred years would not carry us back to the times when Maghera first assumed prominence as a centre of.

LIGHT AND LEARNING.

 St. Lurach’s Old Church.

Although we are told there is no precise account of the original foundation of an abbey for Canons Regular, believed to have been established there at a very early period, yet it is beyond controversy that at so remote a time as 537 the ancient see of Ardstra or Ardstrath was removed to the town. In the olden times the place was called Machaire Ratha Luraigh- Machaire meaning a plain (as in Magherafelt, the plain of the rushes). Gradually the name changed to its present form, Ratha Luraigh means the fort of Lurach, St. Lurach being the patron saint of the parish. This eminent ecclesiastical, of whom the town has more than one memorial, substantial as well as legendary, throws the mind back to the days of St. Patrick himself. Lurach, like many another Irish saint, was of Royal Lineage, and had close family ties with the patron saint of Ireland. One has but to turn to the ruins of St. Lurach’s Church, happily in an excellent state of preservation, to find abundant confirmation as to Maghera’s importance in the era in which Ireland won its first fame as the home of saints and scholars. The old church and grounds have been the hunting ground of the antiquarian and archaeologist who have written and lectured upon some of its features which have a distinctiveness of their own among Irish ecclesiastical remains. Some portions bear marks of very remote antiquity. The square-headed western doorway, with its representation of the Crucifixion, rudely sculptured in high relief with the company of the apostles, has long fascinated the attention of those who find a delight in the study of these memorials of an age, of which relics are but too few. It has been estimated that the date of this interesting piece of sculptury is between the years 960 and 1,000 A.D.. Lewis, in his indispensible Topographical Dictionary (1837) mentioned not only the fact that in the churchyard are the tomb and pillar of Leuri (or Lurach, but added that the grave of the patron saint was opened early in the last century, when a silver crucifix was found in it, and was carefully replaced. It has been placed on record that this addendum had been better suppressed, as it is related that a couple of thieves came afterwards, opened the grave, and

STOLE THE SACRED RELICS.

An information was sworn by the late Alexander Hipson, of Maghera, describing the thieves, and the late Rev. Spencer Knox had them followed to Magherafelt and Moneymore, but unfortunately all traces of them was lost. Readers of the “Ulster Journal of Archaeology” were indebted over ten years ago to the late Mr. A. K. Morrison and to Mr. S. D. Lytle for a copy of the deposition of Hipson, describing the disgraceful act of vandalism, and we take leave to reproduce it here. MADGHS

It was sworn and signed on January 20, 1865, before Mr. J. J. Clarke J.P., at Largantogher, as follows:-

I Alexander Hipson of Maghera in the county of Londonderry carpenter do solemnly & sincerely declare that in or about the year 1839 I think in the month of March I was in the employment of the Rev. James Spencer Knox rector, of the parish of Maghera, when one morning having to pass through the old graveyard on my way from the glebe house to the town of Maghera to buy nails I met two persons dressed like gentlemen in the graveyard, one had a paper in his hand, on which there was writing. He asked was I a native of the town I said I was. He then enquired if there was a long grave in the churchyard in which Saint Lorny was buried. I said I had often heard of it. He again asked if it had a black whin stone for a head stone I told him it had. He looked at the paper and bid the other gentleman to come along. We went together to the grave which I pointed out. He took a rule out of his pocket & measured the grave which he compared with the writing on the paper with it and the headstone. At his request I got him a spade from James Cassidy who was planting potatoes. On giving him the spade he gave me a half crown piece & said to me & Thomas Quinn who had just come up that we might go and have a glass. We went to Billy Crocketts had a glass & divided what was left of the half-crown between us. I then went to Harry Porters the nailer, got the nails & returned  through the graveyard, and there found the two gentlemen filling up the hole in the grave that appeared about 2½ feet long & about 2 ft broad. I don’t know the depth. On the grass was a handkerchief spread out the wind raising it up I saw underneath a cross which might be about 18 inches long. They then left taking the cross with them. I began to think I should tell Mr. Knox & went to the hall door, but he was not in the house. Half an hour after I returned I found him in his study and told what had occurred.  He sent me immediately to the hotel kept by Mr Falls to make enquiry who said, they had been gone for some time, but whether to Moneymore or Magherafelt he could not say. Mr Knox & myself then drove in his gig to Magherafelt but could not find any trace of them there but got a fresh horse & proceeded to Moneymore, with no better success-  came back by Desertmartin to Magherafelt hoping to meet with them Mr Knox having left instructions in Magherafelt to have them detained should they make their appearance there. Mr Knox told me afterwards he had reason to believe they had gone to Dungannon & was greatly displeased with Mr Falls as he blamed him for misleading him.

This is the story which, in point of detail, certainly seems very circumstantial. The resting-place of St. Lurach is marked by a rude whinstone, which is evidently the remains of a cross. The hope has been more than once expressed that some suitable monument should mark the resting-place of Maghera’s patron saint, but this natural and commending desire has not yet been realised. There is a local tradition that an underground passage existed between the old church and the church of Mullagh Hill, about a mile distant. No one, however, has been industrious enough to test the accuracy of tradition by any extensive excavation.

A FAMOUS WELL

Another reminder of St. Lurach is the well which perpetuates his name to the present day. It is in the centre of the town not far from the principal street, at the entrance of Mr. John Marker’s yard. The well was for a considerable time the principal source of the water supply for the town, but was closed in recent years by the district authorities, and a pump erected over it. The legends concerning the efficacy of the waters of the well, as may well be conceived, are numerous.

Reverting to the earlier times we recall that for nearly 600 years Maghera continued to be the seat of the diocese but in 1158 it was united to the See of Derry and the cathedral church was established in that city. The transference meant more than a mere loss of prestige to the ancient town, for it appears to have declined rapidly in importance after that period, and a few events of historical interest occurred, except occasional depredations during the insurrections of the O’Nials, to whom the surrounding territory belonged. On the plantation of Ulster the lands of the ancient See of Maghera were confirmed to the Bishop of Derry, and other parts of the parish were also assigned by James I to the Mercers’, Vintners’, Salters’, and Drapers’ companies of London, who retained possession till their disposal under the Land Acts of the last few decades. In the war of 1641 Maghera suffered very heavily, being burned by the insurgents under Macdonnell. It was in that terrible period that the ironworks which were established at Drumconready in the reign of Charles I, were destroyed. In 1688 the town, which had scarcely recovered from its former devastation, was assaulted by the Irish adherents of James II, and the inhabitants were compelled to abandon their houses and seek refuge in the city of Derry. 1641 and 1688 are outstanding dates, but much could be written of long periods during which hardships tried the people of Maghera, as well as the country’s inhabitants generally. We must hasten on, however, and come to

THE 1798 EPOCH,

Which not unnaturally had its influence upon the folk in and around Maghera. Times were different then, and the general discontent, which was generated by causes which should have been removed, found expression in the well-known incidents of the period. In our reference to the history of Presbyterianism we touch incidentally upon ’98. Suffice here briefly to relate that in Maghera a corps was formed called the Maghera National Guards, which was composed principally of Presbyterians, and a number of Roman Catholics and even a few Episcopalians joined the ranks. The corps was about 5,000, but only a tenth of them had firearms, the remainder carrying pikes, pitchforks, spades, and bludgeons. They assembled at Crewe Hill on the 7th June, 1798, but owing to the defeat of the other corps of United Irishmen in the neighbourhood when the soldiers put in an appearance they disbanded. Some of the leaders escaped to America. Walter or “Watty” Graham was not so fortunate. He found shelter in Limavady, but was betrayed, and brought back to Maghera, where he was hanged, the place of his execution in the Square being pointed out to the present day. His servant man, reputed to be dull-witted, was ordered to proclaim at intervals as his master’s head was carried on the top of the pole through the streets- “Behold the head of a traitor”. The man, whether intentionally or not is not known, cried out,

“BEHOLD THE HEAD OF THE CRAYTURE!”

Many of the people emigrated to America at these times. England had cause to regret her misrule of the country afterwards. In America the Ulster people proved England’s most bitter enemies when that country was wrested from the British. It is a well-known fact that the Declaration of Independence was principally signed by Irish Presbyterians. Two of the signatories on that historic roll are Charles Thompson and a man named Hawthorne, two Maghera Presbyterians. Only two of the signatories added any address, and one was Thompson, who was proud to place Maghera after his name.

MODERN MAGHERA – INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT.

It is a long skip from 1798 to 1913, but in the interests of space we are compelled to make it. As we have said, Maghera is a town which can boast an historic continuity that none of its neighbours can eclipse. While proud of its almost unique record in this respect, the town by no means lives in the past, its inhabitants being animated by a spirit of progressiveness that has left its impress in many directions. It enjoys the reputation of being the most progressive market town in South Derry. Modern Maghera is improving materially both as regards size and importance. The installation of electric light is one of the indications of its up-to-dateness.

  

By far the most important event in recent times was the establishment of the new handkerchief embroidery works in Hall Street by Messrs. Glendinning, McLeish & Co., Belfast, in conjunction with the Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction. The advent of this industry as thus introduced holds encouraging potentialities for the future, and will be destined to mark a new era in the history of the town. The splendid structure in fine modern style means more than an ornate addition to Maghera’s buildings, but will prove a boon to the people around, as the prosperity of the works will reflect its influence on the town in an altogether gratifying way. The number of hands employed at present s necessarily somewhat limited, but larger schemes are in the air, including the erection of a large factory, into which the girls, after training in the embroidery works, will be qualified to pass. We trust, with every well-wisher of the town, that nothing will stand in the way of expansion and development. Our illustrations include one or two representations of machine embroidery as carried on in the interior of the well-lighted and pleasantly-ventilated works. The Juxtaposition on the same page of such widely differing views as that of the old Abbey Church and of those depicting his recent industrial development may seem to savour of the incongruous. And yet is there not in them a faithful reflex of Maghera- the one representing the glory of its storied past and the other pointing to the hopes of a brightening future?

A word or two must be said in regard to the churches. The present parish church, of which the respected incumbent is Rev. A. H. Maturin, dates back to 1820. The exact date upon which the last services were held in the old church is not known, but it is likely that the devotions of the church people were conducted there up to the consecration of the present church. The inscription on a stone above the doorway of the modern parish church reads:

ERECTED

A.D.

1820.

REV. J. SPENCER KNOX,

RECTOR.

A. SINCLAIR AND W. MILLER,

CHURCH WARDENS.

Colonel Clark has recalled the fact that his late father, who was born over a century ago, worshiped in the old church. Compared with its venerable predecessor, the “new” parish church is but an “infant”, and yet in a few short years the centenary of its consecration will be celebrated!

PRESBYTERIANISM- A UNIQUE HISTORY.

Columns could be written, and indeed, have been written, of the history of Presbyterianism in Maghera. To the researches of Mr. S. Lytle, a leading merchant of the town, the community owes much for the information which from time to time he has brought to light concerning former times not alone in regard to the Church of which he is an honoured member, but in regard to the general history of the town. As Mr. Lytle pointed out on a public occasion over five years ago, the Presbyterian Church in Maghera has a history in many respects unique. The church was on two occasions closed by a partial Government, once it was burned, and in 1798 it was used as temporary quarters by the Tipperary Militia. The first mention that can be found of the Maghera congregation was in 1665, when a Mr. Anthony Kennedy, of Templepatrick was sent to supply the pulpit for two Sabbaths. The first minister appointed was Robert Rowan, who was placed in charge in 1658, but, after the restoration, which occurred a short time after his appointment, he went over to the Episcopalian Church and became rector of Maghera. The Presbyterian Church was closed, but the congregation continued their worship in a building accommodating 500 people provided by Major Montgomery, a member of the Established Church. For his catholicity of spirit the major was arrested- such was the spirit of tolerance in those early times. The succession of ministers till the famous Dr. Glendy was- Rev. James Kirkpatrick, Rev. John Tomb, Rev. Archibald Boyd, Rev. James Dykes, and Rev. David Smylie. In 1785 the church was removed to its present site from Fair Hill, where one of the foundation stones of the former building is to be seen. The name of Rev. Dr. Glendy, who was a man of outstanding abilities, stands out conspicuously on account of the prominent position he took in the rebellion of 1798. Upon the disabilities of the Presbyterians and all religious bodies except the Established Church and the causes of the ’98 rising it is happily not for us to dwell here, as they are common history. There is no evidence to show that Dr. John Glendy was not a United Irishman, but there is not the slightest doubt that he was in thorough sympathy with their principles. He was, accordingly, a marked man. A warrant was issued for his arrest, and when the soldiers arrived at his house, which occupied the site of Mr. Henry Shiver’s house, they found Dr. Glendy had escaped. Hs house and property was burned, and the doctor found refuge in “The Grove”, where Mr. Wilson now resides. He eventually made good his escape in feminine garb, and in Baltimore, America, founded a church, over which he presided for many years. He became acquainted with Thomas Jefferson, then

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES,

Who became his friend, and in 1805 Glendy was appointed chaplain of the House of Representatives, and in 1815 served the Senate in the same capacity. Dr. John Glendy’s successors in the pastorate of Maghera were Rev. Charles Kennedy, ordained 29th July, 1801 ; Rev. Smylie Robson, 16th June, 1843 ; Rev. Dr. Witherow (afterwards professor in Magee College), 1st October, 1845 ; Rev. Dr. Leitch (now President of Assembly College, Belfast), 2nd October, 1866; Rev. R.H.F. Dickey, B.D. (now Professor in Magee College), 26th January, 1880 ; Rev. Dr. Hall (who afterwards took up duty in Colbrooke Row, London, and Coleraine), 16th September, 1891 ; and Rev. Dr. Magill, 4th February, 1900, who resigned in 1903, when he was appointed professor in Toronto, and is now Minister of Agriculture in Canada. The present minister is Rev. Wm. McMurray, who was ordained on March 3, 1904. It is not out of place to add that during Mr. McMurray’s pastorate many improvements have been effected. What is practically a new entrance to the church has been made, at a cost of about £400, while there has been purchased an acre of ground adjoining for a graveyard. A wall has been built all around, and stabling and coach-houses, for the use of country members, have been provided, while electric light has been installed in the church. Among many others, the following may be mentioned as having been at one time members of Maghera Presbyterian Church- The Rev. Dr. Cooke, who was baptised by the Rev. Dr. Glendy in the Presbyterian Church; Rev. Jackson Graham, Rev. William McCullaugh, Rev. Joseph Barkley, Cormany ; Rev. Thomas Lyttle, Sandymount, Dublin ; and the Rev. Robert G. Milling, Ballinahinch ; also Judge Barkley, all of whom have passed away. Rev. John Macmillan, late Moderator of Assembly ; the Rev. Dr. Patterson, of May Street, Belfast; Professor Woodburn, of Magee College ; and Rev. James Woodburn, of Castlerock, were also members of the church in former days.

FAMOUS MAGHERA MEN.

Amongst the men of wide renown who claimed the neighbourhood of Maghera as the place of their nativity and upbringing, foremost place will be given to the late Rev. Henry Cooke, D.D., L.L.D., the eminent Presbyterian orator and theological controversialist. Dr. Cooke was born on the 11th may, 1788, in a cottage, traces of which no longer remain, in the townland of Grillagh, about a mile and a half north of the town. His father’s house stood on the declivity of a hill. The road to Coleraine then passed over the summit of the hill ; now the new road winds around the base, and on the sloping ground between the old road and the new road was placed the mansion. Like almost every other great leader of men, Cooke was of humble origin. The stock from which he sprang, though poor as the world estimates wealth, was rich in independence and industry. His father was a farmer and his mother had been a farmer’s daughter. By fidelity to their common task they were enabled to transmit to their children, of whom Henry was the youngest, the priceless inheritance of a stainless and honoured name. Much of his stock-in-trade as an orator was inherited, his attractive appearance and his marvellous powers of memory. His speeches were word pictures that dazzled the eyes of all with their beauty. His mind was a galaxy, not of old masters, but of original works of art, whose colour and technique nevertheless revealed an intimate acquaintance with all the best. Neither as a lad at school nor as a youth at college did Cooke display any evidence of the great powers that lay slumbering in his soul, yet, though uncapped with academic honours, he did not go empty away, but carried with him a taste for reading, combined with a knowledge of how to read, which were the highest accomplishments in the gift of a university. As a boy Cooke had witnessed the horrors of the ’98 times, and they left a deep impress on his young mind. Thus he became the confirmed antagonist of every liberal sentiment and the consistent supporter of the powers that were. His college days having drawn to a close, he was ordained, though only in his twentieth year, as assistant and successor to the Rev. Robert Scott at Duneane, a settlement which turned out anything but happily. It could hardly have been otherwise, the two men being as far removed as the poles from one another in temperament and ability. Scott not only held Arian views, but discharged his duties with apathy. Cooke was evangelical and deeply interested in his mission and in his message. He deemed it wise to resign, and after a short interval, occupied as a tutor, he was installed in Donegore, a large and important congregation of about 500 families. The spheres of his subsequent labours were Killyleagh to Belfast. His reply to the Rev. J. Smithurst, which was the beginning of the struggle between Arianism and orthodoxy, culminated in the great debate that took place in Lurgan on the 30thof June, 1829. The one political act of Dr. Cooke’s life , which gave most satisfaction to his brethren, was the bold stand which in 1841 he made against the Repeal of the Union, his challenge of Daniel O’Connell to a public discussion of the whole subject, a challenge which the “Liberaltor” deemed prudent to decline, enhanced his already great popularity. Had Dr. Cooke been guided by no higher motive than the ambition of worldly success he would have sought some more conspicuous field than a remote province in Ireland for the exercise of his great and varied powers. A Scottish parish, a London congregation, a seat in the House of Commons were positions quite within his reach at an early period of his career. But on principle he shut out all such suggestions, and gave his undivided strength to the Church in whose membership he was born, and to the community among whom his lot had been cast. For the last 40 years of his life he was the most conspicuous personage not only in Belfast, but in Ulster. When at the close of a long and laborious life death called him away (13th December, 1868), the whole province did him honour in a manner such as was never shown to any man who hitherto died in Ulster. Belfast buried him with the burial of a king.

Rev. Dr. Adam Clarke, the famous Biblical commentator, was a native of Maghera district, having been born at Moybeg in 1760. Although as a lad he received a very sparse education he blossomed forth into one of the most learned divines of the Wesleyan connexion, a man distinguished for the remarkable variety of his gifts, especially as a linguist. He was president of the Conference three times, an almost unique record. His great work was his commentary, the first volume of which appeared in 1810, and the last in 1826. By special request of the British and Foreign Bible Society, he prepared their Arabic Bible. Dr. Clark was offered a bishopric in England, but declined it. He died of cholera in London in 1832.

Hall Street (Wth RIC baracks)    Hall Street National School

PLACES OF INTEREST

We approach the end of our review with a brief allusion to some spots of interest in the neighbourhood. About an English mile from Maghera, at Tirnoney, there is a very fine cromleac, near to which Lewis says there is an artificial cave formed of field stones and covered with flags; but that there is a souterrain there is doubtful. To the northwest of the cromleac, about 200 yards distant, there are the ruins of Killelagh old church, a very ancient structure, but unfortunately no reliable record can be found regarding its erection. The building, like so many others, is stated to have been destroyed in the wars of 1641 by the Earl of Tyrone and subsequently rebuilt. Lying close to the wall of the churchyard is a large flat stone, 3ft. by 4ft., and about 6in. thick, with two basin-shaped cavities. Close to this old church is a very fine rath, with one circumvallation. About two miles farther there is a sweathouse in Tirkane, with a well a few yards distant from its entrance. The favourite explanation of this sweathouse is that it was used to perform the purpose of Turkish baths, and as a cure for rheumatism and kindred complaints. A fire was lighted on its flagged floor, and when well heated, the fire was cleared out, and after the patient had dipped himself in the well, he was closed up in the house until he perspired profusely, with beneficial results. There are several other places in the neighbourhood of traditional interest, such as giant’s graves- one in Slaghtnail and one in Corlecky, also the remains of what is said to be one of the places of some of the Irish kings in Granaghan. At there is a very large and perfect rath at Dunglady. It is encompassed by treble walls and a trench, but unfortunately, there are no records regarding its occupation. It is said to be one of the most perfect in Ireland, and commands a most extensive view of the surrounding country. There are several other raths and forts in the parish. Numerous celts, swords, spear heads, and ornaments of bronze and brass have been found in the parish and vicinity.

In a sketch like the foregoing much has necessarily been omitted, but we trust we have indicated, even in a general way, sufficient to show that if Maghera had been excluded a prominent place in our present series the omission would have been grave and unpardonable.

Census Records

Census records can provide a wonderful insight into not just who lived in a particular place at a particular time in history, but can provide a social history of a townland, town or place. We have presented here the available census records (more will be added when time allows). It should be noted that the eaarlier census records will only list the head of a family and, unfortunately in most cases, no other information will have been recorded.

 

Religious Census of Parish of Magherafelt, 1766

1831 Census of County Londonderry (MADGHS transcription to be added soon). These can also be searched at the National Archives of Ireland by following this link 1831 Census  and selecting 1831.

1841 & 1851 Census returns were mostly distroyed. However, when the old age pension was introduced in 1909, these records were used to prove a pension applicant’s elgibility for the OAP and these searches still exist. They can be checked by clicking on this link and selecting the appropriate year.

1901 & 1911 Census returns are available at the National Archive of Ireland and can be searched free of charge

Religious Cenus of Parish of Magherafelt 1766

A Religious census of the Parish of Magherafelt 1766 contained in Parliamentary Returns as to Religion as preserved in documents in the Record Office, Dublin (Bundle 76, No.674)  for the Parish of Magherafelt in the Dioceses of Armagh in the barony of Loughenshollen in County Londonderry. Whilst the rector of each parish was obliged to complete this return, few actually did (or if they did, the returns have been lost). Luckily, the return for the Parish of Magherafelt still survives and is preented here.
A list of the several families in said Parish. Taken the 28th day of March 1766.

PROTESTANTS   DISENTERS   PAPISTS  
Revd. James Richardson Recr.Page 2James SemplePage 4Bryan McTeigPage 8
Edward BettyPage 2James BowmanPage 4Cormick O'NeillPage 8
Samuel McElroyPage 2Mattw. JohnstonPage 4Patrick JudgePage 8
Abraham KeightlyPage 2Hugh GarvenPage 4John O'NeillPage 8
Robert BrodlyPage 2William DickeyPage 4Phelemy O'NeillPage 8
Robert RedfernPage 2William GalwayPage 4Edward TolePage 8
Benjamin ReffernPage 2William RobinsonPage 4Edward McWilliamsPage 8
James LenoxPage 2George StuartPage 4Bernard McCannPage 8
Margt. McConnel, widowPage 2Thomas JohnstonPage 4Patrick McTeigPage 8
James HoldonPage 2Neal McMullenPage 4Roger O'LaganPage 8
William LenoxPage 2Thomas DalePage 4Henry TolePage 8
William HodwellPage 2John StuartPage 4John McAtierPage 8
Matthw. HodwellPage 2Samuel StuartPage 4Darley MorronPage 8
William Hodwell youngerPage 2David EvansPage 4James DowdalPage 8
Richard HawthornPage 2 Joseph EvansPage 4Patrick MulderigPage 8
Tracey DawsonPage 2Mattw. EvansPage 4John GriffinPage 8
Richard DawsonPage 2Samuel EvansPage 4John MorronPage 8
William HawthornPage 2Robert McErlainPage 4Patrick GriffinPage 8
Daniel ReynoldsPage 2Adam RobinsonPage 4Torlagh McLaughlinPage 8
Gerard CareltonPage 2Joseph BellPage 4Roger McGillanPage 8
Elisabth. Campbell Widw.Page 2William McGarveyPage 4Cormick O'LaganPage 8
James LeekeyPage 2Moses ThompsonPage 4James O'LaganPage 8
Henry HallPage 2James BrownPage 4John MorganPage 8
George McCallaPage 2Thomas ShannonPage 4Daniel MulhollandPage 8
John DowningPage 2Samuel ShannonPage 4Owen O'HempheyPage 8
Joseph ReynoldsPage 2Hugh Cor ? ConPage 4Neal O'DevlinPage 8
John ReynoldsPage 2Robert WileyPage 4Archbd. McDonaldPage 8
William WinchesterPage 2John WileyPage 4Tole GilmerPage 8
Mary Reynolds, Wids.Page 2William DoolPage 4Owen McWilliamsPage 8
Henry ReynoldsPage 2Hugh MillerPage 4William GilmorPage 8
Alexander LawsonPage 2James TaylorPage 4 John DowdalPage 8
John JohnstonPage 2Joseph PattisonPage 4Robert BordlyPage 8
Archibd. BrodlyPage 2John BrownPage 4Hugh CossilyPage 8
Thomas RedfernPage 2Hanna Dunban Widw.Page 4Maurice O'MurrayPage 8
Roger PalmerPage 2Thomas DittyPage 4James McQuillanPage 8
Jane Brown Widw.Page 2James BrownPage 4Daniel O'NeillPage 8
Elisabeth FullertonPage 2Robert SteelPage 4Patrick NocherPage 8
William McLanePage 2Thomas EakinPage 4Dennis McElhonePage 8
Edward MarlinPage 2Jane Eaken, WidowPage 4Roger McCamelPage 8
William MarlinPage 2James RicheyPage 4John McGonnigillPage 8
James CollinsPage 2Alexr. GravesPage 4Patrick ConaryPage 8
Daniel McGonigillPage 2James GilmerPage 4James McAtierPage 8
Henry DernamPage 2Robert GilmerPage 4Thomas HenryPage 8
George BurrowsPage 2 Andrew HaysPage 4Bridgt. Henry widw.Page 8
John BuntinPage 2 Adam CostinPage 4Owen TonerPage 8
Samuel PuePage 2William StuartPage 4Michael McCannPage 8
Anthony BuntinPage 2Mattw. McKeePage 4Philemy ConaryPage 8
Mary WilliamsPage 2Mary Purvis, Widw.Page 4Nicholas LedanPage 8
John HillmanPage 2 Francis MortonPage 4Ferdinand DevlinPage 8
Michael BuntinPage 2 Margt. Morton Widw.Page 4Hugh McCannPage 8
Charles GreerPage 2 Andrew MortonPage 4Dennis ConaryPage 8
Olivia FoxPage 2William GrayPage 4Bryan McKelveyPage 8
Charles BrownPage 2 Stuart MortonPage 4James McLaughlinPage 8
John HamerslyPage 2James McMullenPage 4Andrew McLaughlinPage 8
James PardeePage 2 Alexr. WierPage 4John McTeigPage 8
Ralph BrodlyPage 2Moses MoorPage 4Thomas McTeigPage 8
Thomas McGurkPage 2 James CathcartPage 4Bryan McTeigPage 8
Thomas GravesPage 2 George BadgerPage 4Phelemy CahanPage 8
Robert GarvenPage 2 William BadgerPage 4John GillaspeyPage 8
Patrick HillmanPage 2 Joseph PaulPage 4George LawsonPage 8
Edward TipperPage 2 George CampbellPage 4Henry TamineyPage 8
Francie GarvenPage 2Jacob WilsonPage 4Owen O'MorronPage 8
William TaylorPage 2Thomas CaulfieldPage 4Hugh CorrPage 8
Francis SearsonPage 2James PaulPage 4Adam WardPage 8
Daniel McQuilkinPage 2 James LongPage 4Maurice WardPage 8
George HowlesPage 2 Hercules DouglasPage 4Roger FarrilPage 8
Thomas McMurrayPage 2 Thomas DunlapPage 4Fergus WardPage 8
Elisabeth Conyngham Wid.Page 2 George EakenPage 4Patrick TamineyPage 8
Thomas ManPage 2 Alexr. WileyPage 4Margt. O'Neill widw.Page 8
James YorkPage 2 John EakenPage 4Gloshney McGinnisPage 8
Jane Graves Widw.Page 2 William HunterPage 4Mary FollertyPage 8
Thomas LawsonPage 2 James StittPage 4Robert CoshilleyPage 8
Henry HallPage 2 Kennedy HendersonPage 4Roger McCorleyPage 8
Joseph DonnisonPage 2 Samuel CrawfordPage 4Connor McAnalleyPage 8
James KanePage 2 Sophia Birkby Widw.Page 4Bryan DevlinPage 8
Henry YorkPage 2James WilloxPage 4Roger LorcanPage 8
George FosterPage 2Jane Garven Widw.Page 4Hugh MulkennenPage 8
Samuel MurdaghPage 2Thomas WoodworthPage 4John ScullionPage 8
John Leskey, youngr.Page 2John CaldwellPage 4Cormick O'NeillPage 8
Joseph MallardPage 2James CrawfordPage 4Allin McQuaidPage 8
Richard MardockPage 2Neal CampbellPage 5Lewis WalshPage 9
William BrownPage 2Neal McErlainPage 5Daniel O'LoreanPage 9
Francis MorganPage 2John FinlayPage 5Manasses MulgruePage 9
Alexander BrownPage 2Alexr. McCoolPage 5Michael O'ConnorPage 9
William PeacockPage 2William FarlowPage 5Michael MulgruePage 9
John BrownPage 2Alexr. SemplePage 5Bryan McGonnigillPage 9
John BoggsPage 2Ann Reed Widw.Page 5Jane Morron, Widw.Page 9
Thomas McVeyPage 2Joseph WardenPage 5Dominick DowdallPage 9
Robert NelsonPage 2William MarksPage 5Henry O'NeillPage 9
Alexr. MontgomeryPage 2William DempsterPage 5William StevensPage 9
George ArmstrongPage 2William ProctorPage 5Owne KellyPage 9
Margt. NewtonPage 2Thomas RooneyPage 5James McGurkPage 9
John JenningsPage 3Francis DavisonPage 5Bryan McGurkPage 9
Ralph BrunkardPage 3Robert CrawfordPage 5Gilldoe TrolanPage 9
Edward BrownPage 3Mary Wilson Widw.Page 5George McCamelPage 9
Christophilus ReynoldsPage 3Robert CrawfordPage 5Dennis McCarrolPage 9
Hugh McElhonePage 3John WatsonPage 5James FlaniganPage 9
Adam HendryPage 3Andrew FullertonPage 5William ChieversPage 9
Richard WilliamsPage 3William ParksPage 5Patrick ChieversPage 9
Robert DawsonPage 3William ClownishPage 5Thmas CoshilleyPage 9
George RodgersPage 3Edward McGarveyPage 5Hugh CoshilleyPage 9
James BrownPage 3John CreightonPage 5Patrick McNavallPage 9
Arthur TraceyPage 3Adam VancePage 5Manasses McNavallPage 9
Joseph EvansPage 3James LittlePage 5Thomas McNavallPage 9
Phillis Warburton Widw.Page 3John PattersonPage 5Hugh McNavallPage 9
Alexr. BradeyPage 3Matthw. LindsayPage 5Bridget McCannaPage 9
Thomas JohnstonPage 3William LeePage 5Charles DiamondPage 9
Jeremy HaineyPage 3ames JohnstonPage 5Michael WalshPage 9
Thomas BordleyPage 3John BrownPage 5Nicholas WalshPage 9
James McGarveyPage 3John JohnstonPage 5Bryan McAlpinPage 9
Thomas BarnettPage 3John WilsonPage 5Bryan McCorreyPage 9
Joseph BennettPage 3Thomas RobinsonPage 5William BarnettPage 9
Robert BrownPage 3John StuartPage 5Daniel MulderigPage 9
James CarothersPage 3Hugh StuartPage 5William MulderigPage 9
Richard StanleyPage 3 Thomas StauntonPage 5Daniel CoshilleyPage 9
Thomas DeaconPage 3James CaldwellPage 5Patrick WalshPage 9
Bartholomew ClarkPage 3Arthur ForbessPage 5Peter BrodleyPage 9
John DevlinPage 3David DuncanPage 5Neal O'BoylePage 9
Randle CoxPage 3Matthw. HarbisonPage 5John McOwenPage 9
Michael StanleyPage 3Thomas McClatchyPage 5Miles McOwenPage 9
James CoxPage 3Thomas LeePage 5Michael ShortPage 9
Elisabth. Lawson, Widw.Page 3Robert ClarkPage 5Thomas MulhollandPage 9
Richardson WilliamsPage 3John Johnston Eldr.Page 5Bernard McGuckianPage 9
James MillerPage 3John Johnston youngr.Page 5Mary DunnPage 9
Thomas RichardsonPage 3James MillikinPage 5Henry MaddenPage 9
Sarah Badger, Widw.Page 3Rowley MullenPage 5Edward BoylePage 9
William BadgerPage 3William DobbinPage 5Patrick SlanePage 9
John LeckeyPage 3Duncan CampbellPage 5Michael McNavallPage 9
Margery Huey Widw.Page 3Matthw. JohnstonPage 5John McFillonePage 9
John RedfernPage 3John BuntinPage 5Patrick McMahonPage 9
Joseph RedfernPage 3William BuntinPage 5Hugh McNavallPage 9
John MorrowPage 3James HodgePage 5Col McTeigPage 9
John NelsonPage 3Robert LeePage 5Daniel McGorraryPage 9
Mary Vance Widw.Page 3Alexr. ChristeyPage 5Eveng BrodleyPage 9
Mary Mullen Widw.Page 3Robt. MaxwellPage 5Patrick SmithPage 9
Edward WhitesidePage 3Joseph RicheyPage 5Daniel MulhollandPage 9
John WhitesidePage 3John DittyPage 5Matthew BoylanPage 9
Jane Whieside Widw.Page 3John CannonPage 5Torlach McAllesterPage 9
Hugh MullenPage 3Henry BarryPage 5Owen HughsPage 9
John MullenPage 3James SteelPage 5Dennis McTeigPage 9
Archibd- WilliamsPage 3Elisabth. Foster Widw.Page 5Thomas McTeigPage 9
Andrew FrazierPage 3John McCulloghPage 5Edward McLaughlinPage 9
William CuddyPage 3James SlossPage 5Daniel CrawfordPage 9
Hugh RodgersPage 3James Sloss youngr.Page 5Duncan GilmerPage 9
Thomas RodgersPage 3John JohnstonPage 5Patrick GilmerPage 9
Thomas ManPage 3Alexr. McKayPage 5John McGownPage 9
Richd. GarvenPage 3David DuncanPage 5George SmithPage 9
Ezekiel RichardsonPage 3Samuel CrossenPage 5Owen DonnellPage 9
David Duncan youngr.Page 5Patrick QuinnPage 9
William TaylorPage 5Patrick ShieldsPage 9
James DuncanPage 5Mary Henry Widw.Page 9
Sarah Duncan Widw.Page 5John ConwallPage 9
Mary Duncan Widw.Page 5John HenryPage 9
Mark MorrowPage 5Thomas HaganPage 9
James BoothPage 5Richard McAllesterPage 9
William BarryPage 5John DiamondPage 9
Henry CarPage 5Daniel McGuirePage 9
William HillsPage 5James McQuaidPage 10
William RayPage 5Richard McQuaidPage 10
Matthw. BodenPage 5Phelemy DairyPage 10
Mary Campbell Widw.Page 6John DoehertyPage 10
James BrownPage 6Cornalius McGonnigillPage 10
Andrew RicheyPage 6James McGonnigillPage 10
William BerrymanPage 6John ScullionPage 10
John GravesPage 6John CarganPage 10
John StauntonPage 6Daniel O'CahanPage 10
Mary Given Widw.Page 6Francis McCrystallPage 10
John LaurencePage 6John McDonnellPage 10
Catherine Given Widw.Page 6Alexander McDonnellPage 10
William GivenPage 6Charles McCamelPage 10
Margt. Trotter Widw.Page 6Cormick McNicholPage 10
William BerfootPage 6Alexr. McNicholPage 10
Catherine MaghlinPage 6Andrew McNicholPage 10
Michl. WallacePage 6Christopher McKayPage 10
Hugh WallacePage 6Neal QuigleyPage 10
James McCrackinPage 6John SmithPage 10
William MullenPage 6Daniel O'DonnellyPage 10
Robert HoustonPage 6Edward KeenanPage 10
Andrew ShannonPage 6Francis McTeigPage 10
Matthw. TaylorPage 6Phelemy DevlinPage 10
James TaylorPage 6Manasses MulhollandPage 10
Thomas RamsayPage 6Patrick CoshilleyPage 10
Duncan SwaineyPage 6 James BordlyPage 10
David ArmstrongPage 6Edward KeenanPage 10
John GreerPage 6Edward LavertyPage 10
James GreerPage 6Bryan KerneyPage 10
Elisabth. Johnston Widw.Page 6Daniel KerneyPage 10
John MurpheyPage 6Dennis KeenanPage 10
William PeacockPage 6James O'CahanPage 10
Isabella Burney Widw.Page 6Edward O'CahanPage 10
Esther Brunkard Widw.Page 6Bryan O'CahanPage 10
William SteelPage 6John O'CahanPage 10
Samuel LairdPage 6James O'Cahan youngr.Page 10
John McNeillPage 6Michael McEldoonPage 10
George PattersonPage 6Neal KeenanPage 10
Thomas DittyPage 6Murtagh KeenanPage 10
Robert SteelPage 6Dennis McCannaPage 10
John LewisPage 6Bryan CarPage 10
John GlenholmesPage 6Charles McQuaidPage 10
Joseph ThompsonPage 6Richard MulhollandPage 10
James DittyPage 6
Joseph ThompsonPage 6
John McMurdeyPage 6
David JenningsPage 6
John GrahamPage 6
Anne FultonPage 6
William ScottPage 6
Matthw. KylePage 6
James MaghlinPage 6
David McGarveyPage 6
John StittPage 6
John HunterPage 6
Hugh GrahamPage 6
David MulhollandPage 6
Cornelius CostinPage 6
Mary Semple Widw.Page 6
Archibd. McGinnisPage 6
John RicheyPage 6
Nathanl. MitchellPage 6
William StittPage 6
Mary Johnston Widw.Page 6
William KirkpatrickPage 6
Alexander McCrackinPage 6
George WoodsPage 6
John TombPage 6
William TrotterPage 6
Abrahm. MatthewsPage 6
Alexr. McMullenPage 6
Andrew LittlePage 6
George BendermanPage 6
Matthw. AllisonPage 6
Jeremy LindsayPage 6
George LindsayPage 6
James HoustonPage 6
Robert ConningPage 6
Andrew RicheyPage 6
William OarPage 6
Martha Taylor Widw.Page 6
Andrew DavidsonPage 6
William DuncanPage 7
Robert ArmstrongPage 7
Mary Loughey Widw.Page 7
Samuel BatesPage 7
George GrahamPage 7
William GrahamPage 7
David ReedPage 7
William DunlapPage 7
Adam BurrowsPage 7
David GrahamPage 7
Robert BurrowsPage 7
John DittyPage 7
John Ditty youngr.Page 7
Samuel DittyPage 7
William DittyPage 7
George WrightPage 7
Benjamin BrownPage 7
John BrownPage 7
James BrownPage 7
William BrownPage 7
Mary Ann Brown Widw.Page 7
John WallerPage 7
John Waller youngr.Page 7
James McNaughtPage 7
James McNaught youngr.Page 7
Robert McMasterPage 7
Hugh BrownPage 7
William EakenPage 7
Thomas WallacePage 7
Robert LovePage 7
John McKeePage 7
Thomas MaghlinPage 7
George PhilippsPage 7
John AskinPage 7

Kilrea Bann Bridge

Two hundred forty-eight years ago, the following advert appeared in the Belfast News-Letter:
“WHEREAS a Bridge is intended to be built next Summer across the River Bann, at Portneil near Kilrea in the County of Londonderry, with Stone and Lime Piers, and covered with Beams after the Plan of Colerain Bridge. Any Person or Persons, who will undertake to finish the same, are desired to send his, or their Proposals to Alexander Stewart, Esq, at his House in Henry-Street, Dublin, or to Abraham Hamilton, Esq; at his House in Bellaghy. Francis Clinton of Killrea will shew the Place where said Bridge is intended to be built.
“Dated this 7th Day of April, 1767.”

by Alison Kirkpatrick